Sidoli, Simone3; Schwämmle, Veit4; Ruminowicz, Chrystian4; Hansen, Thomas A4; Wu, Xudong5; Helin, Kristian5; Jensen, Ole N4
1 Helin Group, BRIC Research Groups, BRIC, Københavns Universitet2 Administration, BRIC Administration, BRIC, Københavns Universitet3 Centre for Epigenetics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230, Odense M, Denmark.4 unknown5 Helin Group, BRIC Research Groups, BRIC, Københavns Universitet
We present an integrated middle-down proteomics platform for sensitive mapping and quantification of co-existing post-translational modifications (PTMs) in large polypeptides (5-7 kDa). We combined a reversed-phase trap column with subsequent weak cation exchange - hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (WCX-HILIC) interfaced directly to high mass accuracy ESI MS/MS using electron transfer dissociation (ETD). This enabled automated and efficient separation and sequencing of hypermodified histone N-terminal tails for unambiguous localization of combinatorial PTMs. We present Histone Coder and IsoScale software to extract, filter and analyze MS/MS data, including quantification of co-fragmenting isobaric polypeptide species. We characterized histone tails derived from murine embryonic stem cells (ESCs) knockout in Suppressor of Zeste (Suz12(-/-) ) and quantified 256 combinatorial histone marks in histones H3, H4 and H2A. Furthermore, a total of 713 different combinatorial histone marks were identified in purified histone H3. We measured a 7-fold reduction of H3K27me2/me3 in Suz12(-/-) cells and detected significant changes of the relative abundance of 16 other single PTMs of histone H3 and other combinatorial marks. We conclude that the inactivation of Suz12 is associated with changes in the abundance of not only H3K27 methylation but also multiple other PTMs in histone H3 tails. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.