Nedoboy, P E2; Morgan, P E2; Mocatta, T J2; Richards, A M2; Winterbourn, C C2; Davies, Michael Jonathan3
1 Section of Cellular and Metabolic Research, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 unknown3 Section of Cellular and Metabolic Research, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
Elevated levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO) are associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes. MPO uses H2O2 to generate oxidants including HOCl and HOSCN, from chloride and thiocyanate (SCN(-)) ions, respectively. SCN(-) is the preferred substrate. Elevation of this anion decreases HOCl generation and increases HOSCN formation, a thiol-specific oxidant. Such changes are of potential relevance to people with elevated SCN(-) levels, such as smokers. In this retrospective study, we examined whether elevated plasma MPO and SCN(-) levels increased thiol oxidation as a result of increased HOSCN formation, and impacted on long-term survival in 176 subjects (74 non-smokers, 46 smokers, and 56 previous smokers) hospitalized after a first myocardial infarction. Plasma thiols were not significantly altered in smokers compared to non-smokers or past smokers. However, significant positive correlations were detected between SCN(-) levels and MPO-induced thiol loss in the total population (r = 0.19, P = 0.020) and smokers alone (r = 0.58, P < 0.0001). Twelve-year all-cause mortality data indicate that above median MPO is significantly associated with higher mortality, but below-median MPO and above-median SCN(-) results in increased survival, compared to below-median SCN(-). Cox proportional hazard analysis showed a significant decrease in mortality for each 1 μM increase in SCN(-) (0.991; P = 0.040). Subject age was, as expected, a strong predictor of subject survival. Overall these data suggest that subjects with below-median MPO and above-median SCN(-) have better long-term survival, and that elevated plasma levels of SCN(-) might be protective in at least some populations.
Free Radical Research, 2014, Vol 48, Issue 10, p. 1256-66