ancillary findings on FDG PET/CT in an oncologic population
PURPOSE: Thrombosis in cancer may manifest itself as venous thromboembolic disease or tumor thrombosis (TT). We present our experience with incidentally detected TT on FDG PET/CT in 21 oncologic patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all FDG PET/CT examinations during a 5-year period at the Army Hospital Research and Referral in New Delhi, India, and included all oncology cases with FDG-avid thrombosis in the report. The diagnosis of TT was based on FDG-avid solid masses inside the vessels in patients with known malignancy. The SUVmax was calculated. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients were included; the most common malignancies were renal cell carcinoma (n=6), hepatocellular carcinoma (n=3), and lung cancer (n=3). Indication for the scan was initial staging (n=15) and suspected recurrence (n=6). Several vessels were affected, the most common was the inferior vena cava (n=14), but most other major branches of the venous vasculature was represented, and some patients had thrombi in several vessels. FDG uptake was linear in 7 patients, linear with a dilated vessel in 6 patients, and focal in 7 patients. The mean SUVmax of the primary tumors was 10.3 (range, 2.6-31.2; median, 6.9), and the mean SUVmax of the thrombi was 7.85 (range, 1.7-23.2; median, 6.1). All but 2 patients had additional FDG-avid foci besides the thrombus. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports results from other smaller studies regarding the usefulness of FDG PET/CT in TT and corroborates the hypothesis that the SUVmax and the patterns of FDG uptake can be helpful for differentiating BT from TT in oncological patients.
Clinical Nuclear Medicine, 2014, Vol 39, Issue 9, p. 767-71