Platon, Anna Maria2; Erichsen, Rune4; Christiansen, Christian Fynbo4; Andersen, Lea Kjær4; Sværke, Claus3; Montomoli, Jonathan4; Sørensen, Henrik Toft4
1 Department of Clinical Medicine - Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University2 unknown3 Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus University4 Department of Clinical Medicine - Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University
a Danish population-based cohort study
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may increase the risk of postoperative complications and thus mortality after colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery, but the evidence is sparse. METHODS: We conducted this nationwide population-based cohort study in Denmark, including all patients undergoing CRC surgery in the period 2005-2011, identified through medical databases. We categorised the patients according to the history of COPD. We assessed the rate of complications within 30 days. We computed 30-day mortality among patients with/without COPD using the Kaplan-Meier method. We used Cox regression to compute HRs for death, controlling for age, gender, type of admission, cancer stage, hospital volume, alcohol-related diseases, obesity and Charlson comorbidity score. RESULTS: We identified 18 302 CRC surgery patients. Of these, 7.9% had a prior diagnosis of COPD. Among patients with COPD, 16.1% were admitted postoperatively to the intensive care unit, 1.9% were treated with mechanical ventilation, and 3.6% were treated with non-invasive ventilation. In patients without COPD, the corresponding proportions were 9.7%, 1.1% and 1.1%. The reoperation rate was 10.6% among patients with COPD and 8% among patients with cancer without COPD. 30-day mortality was 13% (95% CI 11.4% to 14.9%) among patients with COPD and 5.3% (95% CI 5.0% to 5.7%) among patients without COPD, corresponding to an adjusted HR of 1.7 (95% CI 1.5 to 2.0). CONCLUSIONS: COPD is a strong predictor for intensive care unit admission and mortality after CRC surgery.
B M J Open Respiratory Research, 2014, Vol 1, Issue 1