Spray drying facilities are among the most energy intensive industrial processes. Using a heat pump to recover waste heat and replace gas combustion has the potential to attain both economic and emissions savings. In the case examined a drying gas of ambient air is heated to 200 XC. The inlet flow rate is 100,000 m3/h which yields a heat load of 6.1 MW. The exhaust air from the drying process is 80 XC. The implementation of an ammonia-water hybrid absorption-compression heat pump to partly cover the heat load is investigated. A thermodynamic analysis is applied to determine optimal circulation ratios for a number of ammonia mass fractions and heat pump loads. An exergoeconomic optimization is applied to minimize the lifetime cost of the system. Technological limitations are applied to constrain the solution to commercial components. The best possible implementation is identified in terms of heat load, ammonia mass fraction and circulation ratio. The best possible implementation is a 865 kW heat pump with an ammonia mass fraction of 0.81 and a circulation ratio of 0.45. This results in economic savings with a present value of 177.000 C and a yearly CO2 emissions reduction of 210 ton.
Proceedings of Ecos 2014, 27st International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, 2014
Spray drying; Hybrid heat pump; Exergoeconomics; High temperature heat pump; Ammonia-water; Absorption
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ECOS 2014International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems