1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Center for Electric Power and Energy, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Shenzhen University4 Chinese Academy of Sciences5 Tsinghua University6 Shenzhen University7 Tsinghua University
This paper presents a fast coordinated control scheme of the rotor side converter (RSC), the DC chopper and the grid side converter (GSC) of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbine generators (WTGs) which is to improve the low voltage ride through (LVRT) and high voltage ride through (HVRT) capability of the DFIG WTGs. The characteristics of DFIG WTGs under voltage sags and swells were studied focusing on the DFIG WTG stator flux and rotor voltages during the transient periods of grid voltage changes. The protection schemes of the rotor crowbar circuit and the dc chopper circuit were proposed considering the characteristics of the DFIG WTGs during voltage changes. The fast coordinated control of RSC and GSC were developed based on the characteristic analysis in order to realize efficient LVRT and HVRT of the DFIG WTGs. The proposed fast coordinated control schemes were verified by time domain simulations using MATLAB-Simulink.
Energies, 2014, Vol 7, Issue 7, p. 4140-4156
Coordinated control; Doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG); Grid side converter (GSC); High voltage ride through (HVRT); Low voltage ride through (LVRT); Rotor side converter (RSC)