To address inaccurate power sharing problems in autonomous islanding microgrids, an enhanced droop control method through online virtual impedance adjustment is proposed. First, a term associated with DG reactive power, imbalance power, or harmonic power is added to the conventional real power-frequency droop control. The transient real power variations caused by this term are captured to realize DG series virtual impedance tuning. With the regulation of DG virtual impedance at fundamental positive sequence, fundamental negative sequence, and harmonic frequencies, an accurate power sharing can be realized at the steady state. In order to activate the compensation scheme in multiple DG units in a synchronized manner, a low-bandwidth communication bus is adopted to send the compensation command from a microgrid central controller to DG unit local controllers, without involving any information from DG unit local controllers. The feasibility of the proposed method is verified by simulated and experimental results from a low-power three-phase microgrid prototype.
I E E E Transactions on Power Electronics, 2015, Vol 30, Issue 6, p. 3389-3401
Distributed generation; Droop control; Islanding operation; Load sharing; Microgrid; Power sharing; Renewable energy system; Virtual impedance; Voltage control