BEAMING is a telepresence research project aiming at providing a multimodal interaction between two or more participants located at distant locations. One of the BEAMING applications allows a distant teacher to give a xylophone playing lecture to the students. Therefore, rendering of the xylophone played at student's location is required at teacher's site. This paper presents a comparison of different recording techniques for a spatial xylophone sound rendering. Directivity pattern of the xylophone was measured and spatial properties of the sound field created by a xylophone as a distributed sound source were analyzed. Xylophone recordings were performed using different microphone configurations: one and two-channel recording setups are implemented. Recordings were carried out in standard listening room and in an anechoic chamber. Differences between anechoic and reverberant xylophone sound for binaural synthesis are examined. One-channel recording approach with binaural synthesis for spatial xylophone sound rendering is proposed. One channel recording is processed to define multiple source positions for xylophone width representation. Binaural synthesis was used for the reproduction. This leads to spatial improvements mainly in terms of the Apparent Source Width (ASW). Rendered examples are subjectively evaluated in listening tests by comparing them with binaural recording.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2012, Vol 131, Issue 4, Pt. 2, p. 3255-3255