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1 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark 2 Functional organic materials, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark 3 Center for Nuclear Technologies, Technical University of Denmark 4 Radiation Physics, Center for Nuclear Technologies, Technical University of Denmark
Irradiation of organic multilayer films is demonstrated as a powerful method to improve several properties of polymer thin films and devices derived from them. The chemical cross‐linking that is the direct result of the irradiation with ∼100 keV electrons is fast and has a penetration power compatible with thin plastic foils of one to two hundreds of microns typical of devices explored in organic electronics. We demonstrate here that active layers and complete devices can be subjected to electron irradiation‐induced cross‐linking thus facilitating multilayer solvent processing and morphological stability. The method is fast, generic, contactless, and fully compatible with high‐speed roll‐to‐roll processing of i.e. polymer solar cells at web speeds in excess of 60 m min−1. We employ fully printed, flexible, and foil‐based indium‐tin‐oxide free polymer solar cells in this study to demonstrate the technique. We also demonstrate that polymer solar cells are exceptionally stable towards ionizing radiation and find that doses as high as 100 kGy can be used before any significant decrease in performance is observed. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40795.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2014, Vol 131, Issue 18
conducting polymers; manufacturing; morphology
Main Research Area: