1 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark2 Imaging and Structural Analysis, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark3 Shanghai University of Electric Power4 Chinese Academy of Sciences5 Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft6 Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark7 Shanghai University of Electric Power
A constraint to industrial implementation of gold-catalyzed alkyne hydrogenation is that the catalytic activity was always inferior to those of other noble metals. In this work, gold was supported on graphene oxide (Au/GO) and used in a hydrogenation application. A 99% selectivity toward styrene with a 99% conversion in the hydrogenation of phenylacetylene was obtained at 60 °C, which is 100 to 200 °C lower than optimal temperatures in most previous reports on Au catalysts. A series of gold- and palladium-based reference catalysts were tested under the same conditions for phenylacetylene hydrogenation, and the performance of Au/GO was substantiated by studying the role of functionalized GO in governing the geometrical structure and thermal stability of supported Au nanoparticles under reaction conditions.