Schaafsma, Marije6; Burgess, Neil David7; Swetnam, Ruth D.8; Ngaga, Yonika M.5; Turner, R. Kerry6; Treue, Thorsten9
1 Section for Global Development, Department of Food and Resource Economics, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 Natural History Museum of Denmark, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet3 University of East Anglia4 University of Cambridge5 Sokoine University of Agriulture6 University of East Anglia7 Natural History Museum of Denmark, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet8 University of Cambridge9 Section for Global Development, Department of Food and Resource Economics, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet
assessing the value of illegal timber trade in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania
Natural forests and woodlands of the Eastern Arc Mountains (EAM) in Tanzania are under threat from deforestation and degradation. The estimated annual revenues from EAM hardwood for domestic use are USD 10 million in terms of planks, and twice as much when processed into furniture. Timber profits are largely captured by people whose livelihoods do not directly depend on other EAM ecosystem services. Market data, such as declining plank sizes and shifts to low-quality timber species, contain possible early warning signals of unsustainable hardwood harvesting. Policy recommendations include simplifying regulations for legal trade, developing sustainable financing, and increasing softwood supply.