Rostgaard Andersen, Thomas8; Schmidt, Jakob Friis8; Nielsen, Jens Jung9; Randers, Morten Bredsgaard8; Sundstrup, Emil4; Jakobsen, Marcus Due5; Andersen, Lars Louis5; Suetta, Charlotte Arneboe6; Aagaard, Per7; Bangsbo, Jens9; Krustrup, Peter9
1 Integrated Physiology, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 Center for Holdspil og Sundhed, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet3 Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet4 National Research Centre for the Working Environment5 The National Research Centre for Working Environment, Copenhagen6 Department of Diagnostics, Section of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Glostrup Hospital, Copenhagen7 Enheden for muskuloskeletal funktion og fysioterapi, Institut for Idræt og Biomekanik, Syddansk Universitet, Odense8 Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet9 Integrated Physiology, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet
The effects of 16 weeks of football or strength training on performance and functional ability were investigated in 26 (68.2 ± 3.2 years) untrained men randomized into a football (FG; n = 9), a strength training (ST; n = 9), or a control group (CO; n = 8). FG and ST trained 1.6 ± 0.1 and 1.5 ± 0.1 times per week, respectively, with higher (P < 0.05) average heart rate (HR) (∼ 140 vs 100 bpm) and time >90%HRmax (17 vs 0%) in FG than ST, and lower (P < 0.05) peak blood lactate in FG than ST (7.2 ± 0.9 vs 10.5 ± 0.6 mmol/L). After the intervention period (IP), VO2 max (15%; P < 0.001), cycle time to exhaustion (7%; P < 0.05), and Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Level 1 performance (43%; P < 0.01) were improved in FG, but unchanged in ST and CO. HR during walking was 12% and 10% lower (P < 0.05) in FG and ST, respectively, after IP. After IP, HR and blood lactate during jogging were 7% (P < 0.05) and 30% lower (P < 0.001) in FG, but unchanged in ST and CO. Sit-to-stand performance was improved (P < 0.01) by 29% in FG and 26% in ST, but not in CO. In conclusion, football and strength training for old men improves functional ability and physiological response to submaximal exercise, while football additionally elevates maximal aerobic fitness and exhaustive exercise performance.
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 2014, Vol 24, Issue Suppl. 1, p. 76-85