Effects of football training on glucose control, body composition, and performance in men with type 2 diabetes
The effects of regular football training on glycemic control, body composition, and peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) were investigated in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Twenty-one middle-aged men (49.8 ± 1.7 years ± SEM) with T2DM were divided into a football training group (FG; n = 12) and an inactive control group (CG; n = 9) during a 24-week intervention period (IP). During a 1-h football training session, the distance covered was 4.7 ± 0.2 km, mean heart rate (HR) was 83 ± 2% of HRmax, and blood lactate levels increased (P < 0.001) from 2.1 ± 0.3 to 8.2 ± 1.3 mmol/L. In FG, VO2 peak was 11% higher (P < 0.01), and total fat mass and android fat mass were 1.7 kg and 12.8% lower (P < 0.001), respectively, after IP. After IP, the reduction in plasma glucose was greater (P = 0.02) in FG than the increase in CG, and in FG, GLUT-4 tended to be higher (P = 0.072) after IP. For glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1), an overall time effect (P < 0.01) was detected after 24 weeks. After IP, the number of capillaries around type I fibers was 7% higher (P < 0.05) in FG and 5% lower (P < 0.05) in CG. Thus, in men with T2DM, regular football training improves VO2 peak, reduces fat mass, and may positively influence glycemic control.
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 2014, Vol 24, Issue Suppl. 1, p. 43-56
Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Soccer high-intensity training oxidative capacity health team sport FGF-21 GLYCEMIC CONTROL CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE INSULIN SENSITIVITY SKELETAL-MUSCLE PHYSICAL INACTIVITY SOCCER PLAYERS EXERCISE MELLITUS METAANALYSIS