1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Electromagnetic Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 German Aerospace Center4 Chalmers University of Technology5 Omnisys Instruments AB6 Fraunhofer Gesellschaft7 Wasa Millimeter Wave AB
We report on a heterodyne terahertz spectrometer based on a fully integrated 557-GHz receiver and a digital fast Fourier transform spectrometer. The receiver consists of a chain of multipliers and power amplifiers, followed by a heterostructure barrier varactor tripler that subharmonically pumps a membrane GaAs Schottky diode mixer. All sub-components are newly developed and optimized with regard to the overall receiver performance such as noise temperature, power consumption, weight and physical size. The receiver works at room temperature, has a double sideband noise temperature as low as 2000 K at a maximum power consumption of 4.5 W with an Allan time of 10 s and a sideband gain ratio of 0.52. The performance of the spectrometer is demonstrated by absorption spectroscopy of H2O and CH3OH with an instantaneous bandwidth of 1.5 GHz and a resolution of 183 kHz. Several pressure broadening parameters of methanol absorption lines were determined, that agree with other published data. Using the experimentally determined molecular parameters the CH3OH absorption spectrum could be modeled with very high precision.
Ieee Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, 2014, Vol 4, Issue 4, p. 469-478