Kongsfelt, Iben Boutrup5; Byskov, Kristina6; Pedersen, Lasse Ebdrup6; Pedersen, Lene5
1 Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics - Molecular Cell and Developmental Biology, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Science and Technology, Aarhus University2 Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Science and Technology, Aarhus University3 Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University4 Department of Clinical Medicine - Department of Haematology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University5 Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics - Molecular Cell and Developmental Biology, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Science and Technology, Aarhus University6 Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Science and Technology, Aarhus University
The inorganic phosphate transporter PiT1 (SLC20A1) is ubiquitously expressed in mammalian cells. We recently showed that overexpression of human PiT1 was sufficient to increase proliferation of two strict density-inhibited cell lines, murine fibroblastic NIH3T3 and pre-osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, and allowed the cultures to grow to higher cell densities. In addition, upon transformation NIH3T3 cells showed increased ability to form colonies in soft agar. The cellular regulation of PiT1 expression supports that cells utilize the PiT1 levels to control proliferation, with non-proliferating cells showing the lowest PiT1 mRNA levels. The mechanism behind the role of PiT1 in increased cell proliferation is not known. We, however, found that compared to control cells, cultures of NIH3T3 cells overexpressing PiT1 upon seeding showed increased cell number after 24 h and had shifted more cells from G0/G1 to S+G2/M within 12 h, suggesting that an early event may play a role. We here show that expression of human PiT1 in NIH3T3 cells led to faster cell adhesion; this effect was not cell type specific in that it was also observed when expressing human PiT1 in MC3T3-E1 cells. We also show for NIH3T3 that PiT1 overexpression led to faster cell spreading. The final total numbers of attached cells did, however, not differ between cultures of PiT1 overexpressing cells and control cells of neither cell type. We suggest that the PiT1-mediated fast adhesion potentials allow the cells to go faster out of G0/G1 and thereby contribute to their proliferative advantage within the first 24 h after seeding. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.