Ni, De Wei2; Andersen, Kjeld Bøhm1; Esposito, Vincenzo1
1 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark2 Mixed Conductors, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark3 Ceramic Engineering & Science, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark
The sintering kinetics in La0.85Sr0.15MnO3–Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (LSM–CGO) porous composite was studied by applying a two-stage master sintering curve (MSC) approach and comparing with LSM and CGO single-phase materials. In the two-stage MSC, sintering mechanisms occurring at different stages were separated with respect of density, giving a typical apparent activation energy values for each sintering stage of the LSM–CGO system. Compared with the single-phase materials, retardant effect of the different phases on mass diffusion leads to much higher apparent activation energy for densification of the composite. Similarly, constrain effect was also observed in grain growth in the composite. Particularly, in the investigated temperature range (1100–1250°C), the determined grain boundary mobility of CGO in the LSM–CGO composite (10−18–10−16m3N−1s−1) is comparable with the single-phase CGO, while the grain boundary mobility of LSM in the composite (10−17–10−16m3N−1s−1) is around 1 order of magnitude smaller than the single-phase LSM.
Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2014, Vol 34, Issue 15, p. 3769-3778