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1 Physiology and Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Clinical and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet 2 IKVH Fysiologi og ernæring samt pelsdyrfarmen, Department of Veterinary Clinical and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet 3 Warsaw University of Life Sciences 4 Institute of Electronic Materials Technology 5 Division of Nanobiotechnology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences
The carbon-based nanomaterial family consists of nanoparticles containing allotropes of carbon, which may have a number of interactions with biological systems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of nanoparticles comprised evaluation of cell morphology, and assessment of cell viability by Trypan blue assay and level of DNA fragmentation of U87 cells after 24 hours of incubation with 50 μg/mL carbon nanoparticles. DNA fragmentation was studied using single-cell gel electrophoresis. Incubation with nanoparticles containing the allotropes of carbon did not alter the morphology of the U87 cancer cells. However, incubation with pristine graphene and reduced graphene oxide led to a significant decrease in cell viability, whereas incubation with graphene oxide, graphite, and ultradispersed detonation diamond led to a smaller decrease in cell viability. The results of a comet assay demonstrated that pristine graphene, reduced graphene oxide, graphite, and ultradispersed detonation diamond caused DNA damage and were therefore genotoxic in U87 cells, whereas graphene oxide was not. © 2014 Hinzmann et al.
International Journal of Nanomedicine (online), 2014, Vol 9, Issue 1, p. 2409-2417
Diamond; Genotoxicity; Glioblastoma multiforme; Graphene; Graphite; Nanostructures
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