Strikwerda, Andrew1; Zalkovskij, Maksim1; Lorenzen, Dennis Lund4; Krabbe, Alexander5; Lavrinenko, Andrei1; Jepsen, Peter Uhd6
1 Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Teraherts Technologies and Biophotonics, Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Plasmonics and Metamaterials, Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark4 DTU Danchip, Technical University of Denmark5 Technical University of Denmark6 Center for Nanostructured Graphene, Center, Technical University of Denmark
We present a metamaterial, consisting of a cross structure and a metal mesh filter, that forms a composite with greater functional bandwidth than any terahertz (THz) metamaterial to date. Metamaterials traditionally have a narrow usable bandwidth that is much smaller than common THz sources, such as photoconductive antennas and difference frequency generation. The composite structure shown here expands the usable bandwidth to exceed that of current THz sources. To highlight the applicability of this combination, we demonstrate a series of bandpass filters with only a single pass band, with a central frequency (f) that is scalable from 0.86–8.51 THz, that highly extinguishes other frequencies up to >240 THz. The performance of these filters is demonstrated in experiment, using both air biased coherent detection and a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), as well as in simulation. We present equations—and discuss their scaling laws—which detail the f and full width at half max (Δf) of the pass band, as well as the required geometric dimensions for their fabrication using standard UV photolithography and easily achievable fabrication linewidths. With these equations, the geometric parameters and Δf for a desired frequency can be quickly calculated. Using these bandpass filters as a proof of principle, we believe that this metamaterial composite provides the key for ultra-broadband metamaterial design.