Bailey, Nicholas1; Schrøder, Thomas1; Dyre, J. C.1
1 IMFUFA, Department of Science and Environment, Roskilde University2 The Department of Science, Systems and Models, Roskilde University
Koperwas et al. showed in a recent paper [Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 125701 (2013)] that the dynamic susceptibility χ4 as estimated by dielectric measurements for certain glass-forming liquids decreases substantially with increasing pressure along a curve of constant relaxation time. This observation is at odds with other measures of dynamics being invariant and seems to pose a problem for theories of glass formation. We show that this variation is in fact consistent with predictions for liquids with hidden scale invariance: Measures of dynamics at constant volume are invariant along isochrones, called isomorphs in such liquids, but contributions to fluctuations from long-wavelength fluctuations can vary. This is related to the known noninvariance of the isothermal bulk modulus. Considering the version of χ4 defined for the NVT ensemble, data from simulations of a binary Lennard-Jones liquid show in fact a slight increase with increasing density. This is a true departure from the formal invariance expected for this quantity.
Physical Review E (statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 2014, Vol 90, Issue 4