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1 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark 2 Mixed Conductors, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark 3 University of Science and Technology of China
The stability of La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.5Fe 0.5O3 -δ (LSCrF) in reducing atmosphere was investigated by examining the extent of its reaction with hydrogen at elevated temperature. LSCrF powder exposed to diluted hydrogen was found to loss a weight of only ~ 0.5%, corresponding to the formation of oxygen vacancies in the lattice. LSCrF powder exposed to flowing concentrated hydrogen for 30 h was found to decompose partially. The decomposition oxygen partial pressure of LSCrF at 950 °C was estimated to be 6.3 × 10- 28 atm from thermodynamic calculations. The stability of LSCrF under an oxygen chemical potential gradient was also examined by exposing a disk-shaped dense sample to air at one side and to reducing atmosphere (CO) at the other side at elevated temperatures. A thin, porous layer was found to form on the CO side surface. An oxygen permeation flux of 2.5 × 10- 7 mol cm- 2 s- 1 was observed at 950 °C under given air/CO gradient. The occurrence of oxygen permeation revealed the presence of mixed oxygen ionic and electronic conductivity. The oxygen ionic conductivity was estimated to be ~ 0.01 S/cm at 950 °C. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Solid State Ionics, 2014, Vol 260, p. 86-89
Stability; Oxygen permeation; Oxygen ionic conductivity; Convergence of numerical methods; Hydrogen; Ionic conductivity; Oxygen permeable membranes; Chemical potential gradient; Electronic conductivity; Oxygen partial pressure; Oxygen transport properties; Oxygen-permeation flux; Thermodynamic calculations; Oxygen
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