We report parametrization of dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) in the framework of the Optimized Parameters for Liquid Simulations all-atom (OPLS-AA) force field. We chose DPPC as it is one of the most studied phospholipid species and thus has plenty of experimental data necessary for model validation, and it is also one of the highly important and abundant lipid types, e.g., in lung surfactant. Overall, PCs have not been previously parametrized in the OPLS-AA force field; thus, there is a need to derive its bonding and nonbonding parameters for both the polar and nonpolar parts of the molecule. In the present study, we determined the parameters for torsion angles in the phosphatidylcholine and glycerol moieties and in the acyl chains, as well the partial atomic charges. In these calculations, we used three methods: (1) Hartree-Fock (HF), (2) second order Moller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2), and (3) density functional theory (DFT). We also tested the effect of the polar environment by using the polarizable continuum model (PCM), and for acyl chains the van der Waals parameters were also adjusted. In effect, six parameter sets were generated and tested on a DPPC bilayer. Out of these six sets, only one was found to be able to satisfactorily reproduce experimental data for the lipid bilayer. The successful DPPC model was obtained from MP2 calculations in an implicit polar environment (PCM).
Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2014, Vol 118, Issue 17, p. 4571-4581
MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS COARSE-GRAINED MODEL QUANTUM-CHEMICAL CALCULATIONS DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY MONTE-CARLO SIMULATIONS FATTY ACYL CHAINS LIPID-BILAYERS BIOMOLECULAR SIMULATIONS CONFORMATIONAL-ANALYSIS CONSTANT-TEMPERATURE