1 Biomolecular Sciences, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 University of Milano-Bicocca3 Weizmann Institute of Science4 Biomolecular Sciences, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet5 Weizmann Institute of Science
a framework for the analysis of interaction networks in structural ensembles of proteins
In the last years, a growing interest has been gathering around the ability of Molecular Dynamics (MD) to provide insight into the paths of long-range structural communication in biomolecules. The knowledge of the mechanisms related to structural communication helps in the rationalization in atomistic details of the effects induced by mutations, ligand binding, and the intrinsic dynamics of proteins. We here present PyInteraph, a tool for the analysis of structural ensembles inspired by graph theory. PyInteraph is a software suite designed to analyze MD and structural ensembles with attention to binary interactions between residues, such as hydrogen bonds, salt bridges, and hydrophobic interactions. PyInteraph also allows the different classes of intra- and intermolecular interactions to be represented, combined or alone, in the form of interaction graphs, along with performing network analysis on the resulting interaction graphs. The program also integrates the network description with a knowledge-based force field to estimate the interaction energies between side chains in the protein. It can be used alone or together with the recently developed xPyder PyMOL plugin through an xPyder-compatible format. The software capabilities and associated protocols are here illustrated by biologically relevant cases of study. The program is available free of charge as Open Source software via the GPL v3 license at http://linux.btbs.unimib.it/pyinteraph/ .
Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 2014, Vol 54, Issue 5, p. 1537-1551