IMMEnSE validation of the best reported associations--an extensive replication of the associations from the candidate gene era
BACKGROUND: Genetic background plays a role in multiple myeloma susceptibility. Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) associated with genetic susceptibility to multiple myeloma were identified in the last years, but only a few of them were validated in independent studies. METHODS: With the aim to conclusively validate the strongest associations so far reported, we selected the polymorphisms rs2227667 (SERPINE1), rs17501108 (HGF), rs3136685 (CCR7), rs16944 (IL1B), rs12147254 (TRAF3), rs1805087 (MTR), rs1800629 (TNF-α), rs7516435 (CASP9), rs1042265 (BAX), rs2234922 (mEH), and rs1801133 (MTHFR). We genotyped them in 1,498 multiple myeloma cases and 1,934 controls ascertained in the context of the International Multiple Myeloma rESEarch (IMMEnSE) consortium, and meta-analyzed our results with previously published ones. RESULTS: None of the selected SNPs were significantly associated with multiple myeloma risk (P value range, 0.055-0.981), possibly with the exception of the SNP rs2227667 (SERPINE1) in women. CONCLUSIONS: We can exclude that the selected polymorphisms are major multiple myeloma risk factors. IMPACT: Independent validation studies are crucial to identify true genetic risk factors. Our large-scale study clarifies the role of previously published polymorphisms in multiple myeloma risk.
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 2014, Vol 23, Issue 4, p. 670-4
Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Case-Control Studies; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Genetic Variation; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Multiple Myeloma; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Risk Factors; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't