This article presents a methodology to help in the definition of the optimal design of power generation systems. The innovative element is the integration of requirements on dynamic performance into the system design procedure. Operational flexibility is an increasingly important specification of power systems for base- and part-load operation. Thus, it is crucial to discard, in an early phase of the design process, plant configurations which feature unacceptable dynamic performance. The test case is the preliminary design of an off-grid power plant serving an off-shore platform where one of the three gas turbines is combined with an organic Rankine cycle turbogenerator to increase the overall energy efficiency. The core of the procedure is a stationary model, capable of performing the on-design thermodynamic cycle calculation, and the design of the components of the system. The results of these simulations are used within the framework of a multi-objective optimization procedure to identify a number of equally optimal system configurations. A dynamic model of each of these systems is automatically parameterized, by inheriting its parameters values from the design model. Dynamic simulations allow then to discriminate among the initial set of solutions, thus providing the designs that also comply with dynamic requirements.
Energy, 2014, Vol 68, p. 667-679
Power plant dynamics; ORC; Flexible power systems; Multi-objective optimization