The local deformation mechanisms in steel monostrands have a significant influence on their fatigue life and failure mode. However, the observation and quantification of deformations in monostrands experiencing axial and transverse deformations is challenging because of their complex geometry, difficulties with the placement of strain gauges in the vicinity of the anchorage, and, most importantly, the relatively small magnitude of deformation occurring in the monostrand. This paper focuses on the measurement of localized deformations in high-strength steel monostrands using the digital image correlation (DIC) technique. The presented technique enables the measurement of individual wire strains along the length of the monostrand and also provides quantitative information on the relative movement between individual wires, leading to a more in-depth understanding of the underlying fatigue mechanisms. To validate the proposed image-based measurement method, two different tests were performed, with the one correlation method showing good agreement. Data collected from the DIC technique creates a basis for the analysis of the fretting and localized bending behavior of the monostrand and provides relevant information on the internal state of displacement of the monostrand under bending load.
Journal of Bridge Engineering, 2014, Vol 19, Issue 10