HIV infection in Western Europe is mainly concentrated among men who have sex with men, heterosexuals who acquired HIV from sub-Saharan African countries, and in people who inject drugs. The rate of newly diagnosed cases of HIV has remained roughly stable since 2004 whereas the number of people living with HIV has slowly increased due to new infections and the success of antiretroviral therapy in prolonging life. An ageing population is gradually emerging that will require additional care. There are large differences across countries in HIV testing rates, proportions of people who present to care with low CD4+ cell counts, accessibility to treatment and care, and rates of retention once in care. Improved collection of HIV surveillance data will benefit countries and help to understand their epidemic better. However, social inequalities experienced by people with HIV still remain in some regions and urgently need to be addressed.
Current Hiv - Aids Reports, 2014, Vol 11, Issue 2, p. 177-85
Journal Article; Review; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Anti-HIV Agents; Drug Users; Epidemics; Europe; Female; Global Health; HIV Infections; Heterosexuality; Homosexuality, Male; Humans; Incidence; Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical; Male; Middle Aged; Population Surveillance; Prevalence; Prisoners; Sex Workers; Young Adult