1 Aalborg University Hospital, The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN2 The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN3 Klinik Hoved-Orto, The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN4 Ortopædkirurgi, The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN5 unknown
PURPOSE: To compare medial-to-lateral plantar forces during drop jump and single leg squat in individuals with and without patellofemoral pain. METHODS: This cross-sectional study compared 23 young adults with patellofemoral pain to 20 age- and sex-matched controls without knee pain. The plantar pressure distribution was collected during drop jump and single leg squat using pressure-sensitive Pedar insoles, inserted into a standard flat shoe. The primary outcome was the medial-to-lateral force, quantified as the peak force under the medial forefoot as the percentage of force under the total forefoot during drop jump. Secondary outcomes included peak medial-to-lateral force during single leg squat and mean forces during drop jump and single leg squat. RESULTS: The primary outcome showed that individuals with patellofemoral pain had a 22 % higher medial-to-lateral peak force during drop jump, (p = 0.03). Secondary outcomes showed 32 % higher medial-to-lateral peak force during single leg squat (p = 0.01) and 19-23 % higher medial-to-lateral mean force during drop jump and single leg squat (p = 0.02-0.04). CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that individuals with patellofemoral pain display a more medially oriented loading pattern of the forefoot compared to individuals without knee pain. This loading pattern may be associated with the distribution of forces acting on the patellofemoral joint and suggest treatment of PFP should consider interventions that target normalisation of foot loading. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.