BACKGROUND: Many countries striving to achieve universal health insurance coverage have done so by means of multiple health insurance funds covering different population groups. However, existence of multiple health insurance funds may also cause variation in access to health care, due to the differential revenue raising capacities and benefit packages offered by the various funds resulting in inequity and inefficiency within the health system. This paper examines how the existence of multiple health insurance funds affects health care seeking behaviour and utilisation among members of the Community Health Fund, the National Health Insurance Fund and non-members in two districts in Tanzania. METHODS: Using household survey data collected in 2011 with a sample of 3290 individuals, the study uses a multinomial logit model to examine the influence of predisposing, enabling and need characteristics on the probability of seeking care and choice of provider. RESULTS: Generally, health insurance is found to increase the probability of seeking care and reduce delays. However, the probability, timing of seeking care and choice of provider varies across the CHF and NHIF members. CONCLUSIONS: Reducing fragmentation is necessary to provide opportunities for redistribution and to promote equity in utilisation of health services. Improvement in the delivery of services is crucial for achievement of improved access and financial protection and for increased enrolment into the CHF, which is essential for broadening redistribution and cross-subsidisation to promote equity.
International Journal for Equity in Health, 2014, Vol 13, Issue 25
Adolescent; Adult; Child; Child, Preschool; Family Characteristics; Female; Health Care Surveys; Health Services; Health Services Accessibility; Healthcare Disparities; Humans; Infant; Insurance, Health; Male; Middle Aged; National Health Programs; Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Poverty; Tanzania; Universal Coverage; Young Adult; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't