1 Aalborg University Hospital, The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN2 Klinik Anæstesi, The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN3 Anæstesi og Intensiv, The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN4 The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN5 unknown6 Institut for Klinisk Medicin - Klinisk Epidemiologi, SKS7 Klinik Akut, The Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, VBN
Results of a Propensity Score-matched Analysis
BACKGROUND: Inotropes used to obtain short-term hemodynamic benefits in cardiac surgery may carry a risk of increased myocardial ischemia and adverse outcomes. This study investigated the association between intra- and postoperative use of inotropes and mortality and postoperative complications. METHODS: A historic cohort study using prospective data from the Western Denmark Heart Registry on 6,005 consecutive cardiac surgery cases from three university hospitals. Propensity matching on pre- and intraoperative variables was used to identify a subgroup of patients receiving inotropic therapy (n = 1,170) versus comparable nonreceivers (n = 1,170) for outcome analysis. RESULTS: Two thousand ninety-seven patients (35%) received inotropic therapy; 3,908 (65%) did not receive any inotropic or vasopressor support perioperatively. Among propensity-matched cohort including 2,340 patients 30-day mortality was 3.2% and 1-yr mortality was 7.6%. In the matched cohort, patients exposed to inotropes had a higher 30-day mortality (adjusted hazards ratio, 3.7; 95% CI, 2.1 to 6.5) as well as a higher 1-yr mortality rate (adjusted hazards ratio, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.8 to 3.5) compared with nonreceivers. Among propensity-matched, the following absolute events rates were observed: myocardial infarction 2.4%, stroke 2.8%, arrhythmia 35%, and renal replacement therapy 23.9%. Inotropic therapy was independently associated with postoperative myocardial infarction (adjusted odds ratio, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.4 to 3.0), stroke (adjusted odds ratio, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.4 to 4.3), and renal replacement therapy (adjusted odds ratio, 7.9; 95% CI, 3.8 to 16.4). CONCLUSION: Use of intra- and postoperative inotropes was associated with increased mortality and major postoperative morbidity.
Anesthesiology, 2014, Vol 120, Issue 5, p. 1098-1108