AIM: To investigate whether Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) - an in vivo model for normalisation of hyperglycaemia - improves carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D)/impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT). METHODS: Observational prospective study, 34 obese patients (T2D (n = 14)/IGT (n = 4), and NGT (n = 16)) were investigated before and six and 12months after RYGB. RESULTS: Mean carotid IMT was significantly reduced 12months after RYGB in patients with T2D/IGT (-0.041 mm (95% CI -0.069; -0.012, p = 0.005)) but not in patients with NGT (-0.010 mm (-0.039; 0.020, p = 0.52)). The between-group difference was not significant (p=0.13). Twelve months after RYGB, patients with respectively T2D/IGT and NGT demonstrated changes in weight: -29.9 kg, p<0.001/-30.6 kg, p < 0.001, HbA1c: -0.7%, p < 0.001/-0.1%, p = 0.33, systolic blood pressure: -2 mmHg, p = 0.68/-10 mmHg, p = 0.01 and diastolic blood pressure: -8 mmHg, p = 0.003/-11 mmHg, p < 0.001. 80% of T2D patients terminated antihyperglycaemic medication. CONCLUSION: Mean carotid IMT was significantly reduced 12months after RYGB in patients with T2D/IGT which provides evidence to support that the earliest atherosclerotic changes in the arterial wall are reversible. Although numerically different from the changes observed in patients with NGT, the between-group difference was not statistically significant.
Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, 2014, Vol 28, Issue 4, p. 517-522
Comparative Study; Journal Article; Observational Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Adolescent; Adult; Body Mass Index; Carotid Intima-Media Thickness; Denmark; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Diabetic Angiopathies; Down-Regulation; Female; Gastric Bypass; Glucose Intolerance; Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated; Humans; Hyperglycemia; Hypertension; Male; Middle Aged; Obesity, Morbid; Risk Factors; Vascular Diseases; Weight Loss; Young Adult