Elmelund, Marlene2; Oturai, P S2; Biering-Sørensen, F3
1 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 unknown3 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of plasma creatinine (p-creatinine) in monitoring renal deterioration in patients up to 50 years after spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: The Clinic for Spinal Cord Injuries, Rigshospitalet, Denmark. METHODS: A total of 119 patients with a traumatic SCI during the years 1944-1975 were included in the study. P-creatinine measurements, results from renography and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measured with 51Cr-EDTA clearance were obtained from medical records and analyzed using a linear mixed model and linear regression analyses. RESULTS: When compared with median p-creatinine level in the first 5-year period after injury, the level of p-creatinine was stable throughout the first 30 years and decreased significantly after the 30th until 45th year post injury. Only patients with a functional distribution outside the 30-70% limits on renography or a relative GFR < or =51% of that expected had a significantly elevated level of p-creatinine. Significance was not found for patients with a distribution outside the 40-60% limits on renography or relative GFR < or =75%. By comparing Cr-EDTA clearance and p-creatinine in terms of exceeding the upper reference level, p-creatinine revealed 17% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 100% positive predictive value and 73% negative predictive value as a diagnostic test for renal deterioration defined as GFR < or =75%. CONCLUSION: P-creatinine decreases over time in patients with SCI with a level below the upper reference limit and is a poor detector of early renal deterioration in patients with SCI.