1 Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 Department of Sociology, Study Council, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet3 Department of Sociology, Study Council, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet4 Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet
Socioeconomic status and motives behind young people’s pre-drinking in the United Kingdom
Aim: To examine young people’s main motive for pre-drinking in the United Kingdom, how much they drink on an event-specific night out, and whether motives or socioeconomic status (particularly their income level) explain the alcohol quantities they drink. Methods: Multilevel logit and Poisson models were used on a survey of 628 people (aged 18–35) conducted on-site in 26 bars, clubs and pubs in four cities and towns. Results: Young males drink on average 9.8 and females 7.4 standard units of alcohol before a night out. Saving money is the most prevalent motive for pre-drinking. Although lower income levels cannot explain whether a young person will pre-drink on an event-specific night out, young people’s income level and their motives explain the quantities they consume. Lower-earning males who pre-drank to save money consumed larger quantities of alcohol at home and lower-earning females also pre-drank larger quantities either because they wanted to get out of control or because they wanted to be social. Conclusions: Prevention strategies likely to be effective in reducing the alcohol quantities that young people pre-drink should take into account both socioeconomic status and motives for pre-drinking.
Journal of Substance Use, 2014, Vol 19, Issue 3, p. 229-238