1 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 Section of Molecular Pathology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet3 Section of Surgery and Internal Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet4 Issazadeh-Navikas Group, BRIC, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet5 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet6 Issazadeh-Navikas Group, BRIC, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse whether primary Gleason pattern in biopsy Gleason score (GS) 7 predicted adverse histopathological features and had an impact on the risk of biochemical failure in a consecutive series of patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2010, 441 patients with biopsy GS 7 underwent RP at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Favourable histopathological features were defined as pT2 margin-negative cancer, RP specimen GS ≤ 3+4 and no lymph-node metastasis. Adverse histopathological features were defined as advanced pT3/4 cancer or pT2 margin-positive cancer and/or RP specimen GS ≥ 4+3 and/or positive lymph nodes. Biochemical failure was defined as the first prostate-specific antigen (PSA) ≥ 0.2 ng/ml. RESULTS: A total of 344 patients (78.0%) had GS 3+4 in biopsies, while 97 patients (22.0%) had GS 4+3. No difference in age, PSA, percentage of biopsies with cancer, clinical tumour stage or volume on transrectal ultrasonography was found. Primary Gleason pattern 4 was associated with worse pathological stage (p = 0.049). On multivariate analysis, primary Gleason pattern 4 (p < 0.0001), cT stage (p = 0.024), PSA (p < 0.0001) and age (p = 0.009) predicted adverse histopathological features. In univariate analysis, Gleason score 3+4 had a significantly lower biochemical failure rate compared with Gleason score 4+3 (p = 0.0035). PSA (p < 0.0001), primary Gleason pattern 4 (p = 0.001) and percentage of biopsies with cancer (p = 0.02) were independently associated with risk of biochemical failure. CONCLUSIONS: In biopsies with GS 7, a primary Gleason pattern 4 was associated with significantly elevated risk of adverse histopathological features and biochemical failure compared to pattern 3 in patients undergoing RP. This study underlines the heterogeneity of biopsy GS 7.
Scandinavian Journal of Urology, 2014, Vol 48, Issue 2, p. 168-76