1 Section of Orthopaedics and Internal Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet3 unknown4 Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
INTRODUCTION: GH activity may be involved in male reproductive function. A common genetic polymorphism in the gene encoding the GH receptor (GHR) results in deletion of the entire exon 3 sequence (GHRd3 isoform). The short GHRd3/d3 isoform seems more sensitive compared with full-length receptors (GHRfl/fl). AIM: TO INVESTIGATE THE ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN GH ACTIVITY, EVALUATED BY EXON 3 GHR POLYMORPHISM, AND SERUM IGF1 VS REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES, SEMEN QUALITY, AND PRE- AND POSTNATAL GROWTH IN HEALTHY YOUNG MALES (N=838, MEAN AGE: 19.4 years). RESULTS: Compared with GHRfl/fl homozygous individuals (n=467) GHRd3/d3 homozygous individuals (n=69) tended to have larger semen volume (3.2 (2.4-4.3) vs 3.6 (2.6-4.7) ml, P=0.053) and higher serum inhibin-B levels (208 pg/ml (158-257) vs 227 pg/ml (185-264), P=0.050). Semen quality, levels of gonadotropins, testosterone, estradiol, sex hormone-binding globulin, and IGF1 were not associated with GHRd3 genotype. A twofold increase in serum IGF1 was associated with a 13% (4-23) increase in calculated free testosterone (P=0.004). By contrast IGF1 was inversely associated with serum inhibin-B (P=0.027), but showed no associations to semen quality. GHR genotype and serum IGF1 were not associated with size at birth or final height. CONCLUSIONS: GHRd3 polymorphism seemed only to have a weak influence on male reproductive function of borderline significance. The sensitive GHRd3/d3 genotype may slightly increase testicular function, as evaluated by semen volume and levels of inhibin-B, but does not seem to influence Leydig cell steroidogenesis. GHR genotype did not influence pre- and postnatal growth.
European Journal of Endocrinology. Supplement, 2014, Vol 170, Issue 4, p. 555-63
Adolescent; Base Sequence; Carrier Proteins; Estradiol; Exons; Genotype; Gonadotropins; Homozygote; Humans; Inhibin-beta Subunits; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I; Male; Polymorphism, Genetic; Semen Analysis; Sequence Deletion; Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin; Testosterone; Young Adult