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1 Section for Crop Sciences, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet 2 Centro de Investigación Intihuasi, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias INIA 3 UNIVERSIDAD ARTURO PRAT 4 University of California 5 Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile 6 UNIVERSIDAD ARTURO PRAT 7 Section for Crop Sciences, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet 8 Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
potential and perspectives
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) originated in the Andean region of South America; this species is associated with exceptional grain nutritional quality and is highly valued for its ability to tolerate abiotic stresses. However, its introduction outside the Andes has yet to take off on a large scale. In the Andes, quinoa has until recently been marginally grown by small-scale Andean farmers, leading to minor interest in the crop from urban consumers and the industry. Quinoa breeding programs were not initiated until the 1960s in the Andes, and elsewhere from the 1970s onwards. New molecular tools available for the existing quinoa breeding programs, which are critically examined in this review, will enable us to tackle the limitations of allotetraploidy and genetic specificities. The recent progress, together with the declaration of "The International Year of the Quinoa" by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, anticipates a bright future for this ancient species. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Molecular Breeding, 2014, Vol 34, Issue 1, p. 13-30
Chenopodium quinoa; Downy mildew; Marginal environments; Marker-assisted selection; Saponin; Stress tolerance
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