OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the plasma level of YKL-40 in a Danish polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) population and to investigate whether YKL-40 is associated with CVD risk factors such as waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), insulin resistance (IR), fasting glucose, fasting insulin, blood lipids and CRP. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Gynecological clinics at three Danish University Hospitals. PATIENTS: One hundred seventy-one premenopausal women with PCOS recruited consecutively from April 2010 to February 2012. PCOS was diagnosed according to the Rotterdam criteria. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Plasma level of YKL-40 in four phenotypes of PCOS defined by BMI and IR. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was observed in the plasma level of YKL-40 across the four BMI/IR-phenotypes. Positive associations were observed between YKL-40 and BMI, total and free testosterone, triglycerides, and CRP. Total and free testosterone were independent predictors of YKL-40. CONCLUSION: YKL-40, the marker of low-grade inflammation is not increased in women with PCOS.
Gynecological Endocrinology, 2014, Vol 30, Issue 4, p. 311-315
Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Adipokines; Adolescent; Adult; Biological Markers; Body Mass Index; C-Reactive Protein; Cross-Sectional Studies; Denmark; Female; Humans; Inflammation; Insulin; Insulin Resistance; Lectins; Polycystic Ovary Syndrome; Prospective Studies; Regression Analysis; Triglycerides; Waist Circumference; Young Adult