Quantum mechanical (QM) methodology has been employed to study the structure activity relations of DNA and locked nucleic acid (LNA). The QM calculations provide the basis for construction of molecular structure and electrostatic surface potentials from molecular orbitals. The topologies of the electrostatic potentials were compared among model oligonucleotides, and it was observed that small structural modifications induce global changes in the molecular structure and surface potentials. Since ligand structure and electrostatic potential complementarity with a receptor is a determinant for the bonding pattern between molecules, minor chemical modifications may have profound changes in the interaction profiles of oligonucleotides, possibly leading to changes in pharmacological properties. The QM modeling data can be used to understand earlier observations of antisense oligonucleotide properties, that is, the observation that small structural changes in oligonucleotide composition may lead to dramatic shifts in phenotypes. These observations should be taken into account in future oligonucleotide drug discovery, and by focusing more on non RNA target interactions it should be possible to utilize the exhibited property diversity of oligonucleotides to produce improved antisense drugs.
Nucleic Acid Therapeutics, 2014, Vol 24, Issue 2, p. 139-148
Original Articles; antisense drug interaction; drug discovery; electrostatic potential; ligand structure; pharmacological property; DNA; locked nucleic acid LNA; oligonucleotides; RNA; 03502, Genetics - General; 04500, Mathematical biology and statistical methods; 10062, Biochemistry studies - Nucleic acids, purines and pyrimidines; 10515, Biophysics - Biocybernetics; 12512, Pathology - Therapy; 22002, Pharmacology - General; Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics; Computational Biology; quantum mechanical modeling mathematical and computer techniques; Models and Simulations; Molecular Genetics; Pharmacology