1 Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Water Resources Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Wuhan University4 Bureau of Hydrology of Changjiang (Yangtze) River Water Resources Commission
Dynamic control of the flood limiting water level (FLWL) is a valuable and effective way to maximize the benefits from reservoir operation without exceeding the design risk. In order to analyze the impacts of input uncertainty, a Bayesian forecasting system (BFS) is adopted. Applying quantile water inflow values and their uncertainties obtained from the BFS, the reservoir operation results from different schemes can be analyzed in terms of benefits, dam safety, and downstream impacts during the flood season. When the reservoir FLWL dynamic control operation is implemented, there are two fundamental kinds of dynamic control bounds. One is the flood subseasonal FLWL dynamic control bounds, which are based on the segmentation of the flood season and the ranges of the FLWL in every flood subseason (Scheme I); the other one is the flood seasonal FLWL dynamic control bound, which takes the flood season as a whole, thus producing only one boundary [Scheme II]. The Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) in China was selected as a case study in this paper. The application results show that the thresholds of maximum outflow, which impact the downstream and maximum reservoir levels, are not exceeded during the flood season under the analyzed FLWL control schemes. The benefits in terms of the floodwater utilization rate, hydropower generation, and water level at the end of the flood season from two dynamic controls of the FLWL scheme are better than the current design, which applies a static FLWL. For comparison, also deterministic water inflow was tested. The proposed model in the paper emphasizes the importance of analyzing the uncertainties of the water inflow forecasting system for real-time dynamic control of the FLWL for reservoir operation. For the case study, the selected quantile inflow from the Bayesian forecasting system and the matching operation are beneficial for the decision makers of the Three Gorges Reservoir.
Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 2015, Vol 20, Issue 2