findings of the surveys conducted in 2005 and 2012
OBJECTIVE: An adolescent's right to confidential healthcare is protected by international law and professional consensus. However, parental and social support for confidential sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, in particular, varies greatly. This study documents Lithuanian residents' expectations with regard to confidentiality protection for adolescents in this domain, and explores the factors related to the diversity of these expectations. METHODS: Two national surveys of Lithuanian residents completed in 2005 and 2012 using anonymous questionnaires. Participants rated their expectations for confidentiality using a five-point Likert scale for eight types of SRH consultations. RESULTS: Public anticipation for confidentiality depended on whether issues related to sexual behaviour or to its consequences were addressed during adolescent consultation. Only younger respondents had higher expectations for confidentiality in both contexts. Public expectations regarding confidentiality were less demanding in 2012 than in 2005. CONCLUSIONS: The expectation of confidentiality protection was greater for topics related to sexual behaviour than for the consequences of sexual behaviour, such as pregnancy, abortion or a sexually transmitted infection. This implies a need for targeted information strategies for the general population and explicit guidance for physicians on when and for whom care should remain confidential.
European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care : the Official Journal of the European Society of Contraception, 2014, Vol 19, Issue 2, p. 102-7
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Abortion, Induced; Adolescent; Adolescent Health Services; Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Confidentiality; Female; Humans; Lithuania; Male; Middle Aged; Parents; Pregnancy; Pregnancy, Unwanted; Questionnaires; Reproductive Health Services; Sex Factors; Sexual Behavior; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Social Support; Socioeconomic Factors; Young Adult