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1 Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark 2 Wind Energy Systems, Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark 3 National Technical University of Athens 4 Aalborg University 5 National University of Misiones 6 National Technical University of Athens
Emphasis in this article is on variable speed wind turbines (VSWTs) capability to provide short-term overproduction and better understanding of VSWTs’ mechanical and electrical limits to deliver such support. VSWTs’ short-term overproduction capability is of primary concern for the transmission system operators (TSOs) in the process of restoring critical situations during large frequency excursions in power systems with high wind power penetration. This study is conducted on a simplified generic model for VSWTs with full scale power converter (Type IV), which includes several adjustments and extensions of the Type IV standard wind turbine model proposed by the IEC Committee in IEC 61400-27-1. This modified standard model is able to account for dynamic features relevant for integrating active power ancillary services in wind power plants, such as frequency support capabilities. The performance of VSWTs during short-term overproduction is assessed and discussed by means of simulations for different wind speed levels, overproduction percentages and durations. The results show that the capability of VSWTs providing short-term overproduction to the grid strongly depends on the initial pre-overproduction conditions. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Renewable Energy, 2014, Vol 68, p. 326-336
Active power; Overproduction; Inertial response; Variable speed wind turbine; Standard model
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