Zeuner, Birgitte1; Riisager, Anders3; Mikkelsen, Jørn Dalgaard1; Meyer, Anne S.1
1 Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Center for BioProcess Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Department of Chemistry, Technical University of Denmark4 Centre for Catalysis and Sustainable Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Technical University of Denmark
Biocatalytic trans-sialylation is relevant for the design of biomimetic oligosaccharides such as human milk oligosaccharides. t-Butanol and ionic liquids, EAN (ethylammonium nitrate), [MMIm][MeSO4] (1,3-dimethylimidazolium methyl sulfate), and [C2OHMIm][PF6] (1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate), were examined as co-solvents for the improvement of the synthesis versus hydrolysis ratio in the trans-sialylation of lactose, catalysed by an engineered sialidase from Trypanosoma rangeli. The use of 25 % (v/v) t-butanol as co-solvent significantly increased 3'-sialyllactose production by 40 % from 1.04 ± 0.09 to 1.47 ± 0.01 mM. The synthesis versus hydrolysis ratio increased correspondingly by 1.2-times. 1-2.5 % (v/v) EAN or [C2OHMIm][PF6] improved the synthesis versus hydrolysis ratio up to 2.5-times but simultaneously decreased the 3'-sialyllactose yield, probably due to enzyme inactivation caused by the ionic liquid. [MMIm][MeSO4] had a detrimental effect on the trans-sialylation yield and on the ratio between synthesis and hydrolysis.
Biotechnology Letters, 2014, Vol 36, Issue 6, p. 1315-1320