Remediation measures for hexavalent Chromium [Cr(VI)] are required for a safe environment. As a recent development in microbiology, bacterial biofilms are being studied as effective bioremediation agents. When bacteria are in fungal surface-attached biofilm mode, they are called fungal-bacterial biofilms (FBBs). They have not been tested for bioremediation so far. Hence, this study was conducted to develop FBBs and glass wool attached bacterial biofilms (BBs), and to evaluate Cr(VI) tolerability and removal of bacterial mono cultures, BBs and FBBs. FBBs showed a significantly high level of Cr(VI) tolerance and resistance compared to its BBs or monocultures. After 10 days, up to 90% of Cr(VI) had been removed, which was significantly higher than that of BBs or its monocultures. Thus, it is clear that FBBs can be used as a novel tool to decontaminate Cr(VI) both in situ and ex situ.
Chemistry and Ecology, 2014, Vol 30, Issue 5, p. 418-427