A simple method for producing patterned Ag electrodes on transparent and flexible substrates is reported. The process makes use of laser printed toner as a sacrificial template for an organic precursor, which upon thermolysis and toner lift off produced highly conducting Ag electrodes. Thus, the process takes only a few minutes without any expensive instrumentation. The electrodes exhibited excellent adhesion and mechanical properties, important for flexible device application. Using Ag patterned electrodes, heaters operating at low voltages, pixelated electrochromic displays as well as organic solar cells have been demonstrated. The method is extendable to produce defect-free patterns over large areas as demonstrated by roll coating.
Journal of Materials Chemistry a, 2014, Vol 2, p. 10930-10937