Associations With Demographic Factors and Cognitive Ability
Objectives: To analyze associations in late midlife between sex, age, education and social class, and the Big Five personality traits; to analyze associations between personality traits and cognitive ability in late midlife; and to evaluate how these associations are influenced by demographic factors. Methods: The study sample comprised 5,397 late midlife participants from three cohorts who had completed the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and a measure of cognitive ability. Results: Associations were demonstrated between the five NEO-FFI personality traits, and all included demographic factors. Cognitive ability and years of education correlated with several NEO-FFI personality traits in analyses adjusting for demographic variables. Cohort differences were observed for Extraversion and Openness. Discussion: Robust sex, educational, and social class differences in personality may contribute to late midlife social gradients in health and early aging. Demographic factors did not fully explain correlations between personality and cognitive ability or cohort differences in personality.
Journal of Aging and Health, 2014, Vol 26, Issue 1, p. 21-36
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Age Factors; Aging; Cognition; Cohort Studies; Denmark; Educational Status; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Personality; Personality Inventory; Sex Factors; Social Class