This paper describes a variable-speed motion-sensorless control system for permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) connected to grid via back-to-back inverters for wind energy generation. The grid-side inverter control system employs proportional-integral (PI) current controllers with cross-coupling decoupling and line-voltage feedforward disturbance compensation. Also, a D-module filter is used to robustly extract the line voltage positive sequence followed by a phase-locked-loop (PLL) based observer to estimate the positive-sequence angle for control, including the case of asymmetric voltages and automatic seamless transfer method from grid connected to stand alone and vice versa. In stand-alone mode, a voltage control scheme with selective harmonic compensation is employed. The PMSG motion-sensorless control system uses an active power controller and a PLL-based observer to estimate the rotor position and speed without using the electromotive force (EMF) integration and initial rotor position. The paper investigates and validates the ride-through performance of this proposed system during asymmetric power grid-voltage sags, transition from grid connected to stand alone and vice versa and voltage harmonics compensation. While some of the aforementioned issues have been treated rather individually in previous conference publications of the authors, the present paper integrates them into a comprehensive control system of PMSG.
I E E E Transactions on Power Electronics, 2014, Vol 29, Issue 7, p. 3463-3472
Bandpass filters; Fault tolerance; Permanent-magnet synchronous generators (PMSGs); Phase-locked loops (PLLs); Sensorless control; Stand alone; Voltage harmonics compensation; Wind power generation