For a transformerless grid-tied converter using pulse width modulation, the harmonics of grid-injected current, the leakage current, and the electromagnetic interference (EMI) noise are three important issues during designing of the output filter. In this paper, the common mode and the differential mode EMI noises are investigated for the LCL- and LLCL-filter-based single-phase full-bridge grid-tied inverters. Based on this, a modified LLCL-filter topology is proposed to provide enough attenuation on the conducted EMI noise as well as to reduce the dc-side leakage current. The parameter design method of the filter is also developed. The comparative analysis and discussion on four filter cases (the conventional LCL filter, the conventional LLCL filter, the modified LCL filter, and the modified LLCL filter) are carried out and verified through simulations and experiments on a 0.5-kW, 110 V/50 Hz single-phase full-bridge grid-tied inverter prototype.
I E E E Transactions on Power Electronics, 2014, Vol 29, Issue 7, p. 3393-3402