1 Medicinal Chemistry Research, Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 unknown3 Medicinal Chemistry Research, Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Københavns Universitet
Here we describe the design, synthesis, and pharmacological evaluation of a set of compounds structurally related to the high affinity serotonin 5-HT7 receptor agonist N-(4-cyanophenylmethyl)-4-(2-diphenyl)-1-piperazinehexanamide (6, LP-211). Specific structural modifications were performed in order to maintain affinity for the target receptor and to improve the selectivity over 5-HT1A and adrenergic α1 receptors. The synthesized compounds have chemical features that could enable labeling with a positron emitter radioisotope (carbon-11 or fluorine-18) and lipophilicity within the range considered optimal for brain penetration and low non-specific binding. 4-[2-(4-Methoxyphenyl)phenyl]-N-(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)piperazinehexanamide (23a) and N-pyridin-4-ylmethyl-3-[4-[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)phenyl]piperazin-1-yl]ethoxy]propanamide (26a) were radiolabeled on the methoxy group with carbon-11. Positron emission tomography (PET) analysis revealed that [(11)C]-23a and [(11)C]-26a were P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrates and rapidly metabolized, resulting in poor brain uptake. These features were not predicted by in vitro tests.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, 2014, Vol 22, Issue 5, p. 1736-1750