AIM: Predictors of renal recovery following conversion from calcineurin inhibitor- to proliferation signal inhibitor-based therapy are lacking. We hypothesized that plasma NGAL (P-NGAL) could predict improvement in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) after conversion to everolimus. PATIENTS & METHODS: P-NGAL was measured in 88 cardiac transplantation patients (median 5 years post-transplant) with renal dysfunction randomized to continuation of conventional calcineurin inhibitor-based immunosuppression or switching to an everolimus-based regimen. RESULTS: P-NGAL correlated with measured GFR (mGFR) at baseline (R(2) = 0.21; p < 0.001). Randomization to everolimus improved mGFR after 1 year (median [25-75 % percentiles]: ΔmGFR 5.5 [-0.5-11.5] vs -1 [-7-4] ml/min/1.73 m(2); p = 0.006). Baseline P-NGAL predicted mGFR after 1 year (R(2) = 0.18; p < 0.001), but this association disappeared after controlling for baseline mGFR. CONCLUSION: P-NGAL and GFR correlate with renal dysfunction in long-term heart transplantation recipients. P-NGAL did not predict improvement of renal function after conversion to everolimus-based immunosuppression.
Biomarkers in Medicine, 2014, Vol 8, Issue 2, p. 239-45