1 Structured Electromagnetic Materials, Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Center for Nanostructured Graphene, Center, Technical University of Denmark4 Shiraz University5 Shiraz University
Interference of surface plasmon (SP) waves plays a key role in light transmission through a subwavelength aperture surrounded by groove structures. In order to characterize interference of the hole and groove-generated SP waves, their phase information was carefully investigated using finite difference time domain simulations. In a structure with only one groove, constructive interference of the generated SP waves will enhance transmitted light by a factor of 5.4 compared with that of a single hole. Increasing the groove number to 3 in the design, which supports constructive interference of SP waves, will enhance the transmission coefficient to 10.5 times that for the single-hole transmission coefficient.