1 The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN2 Department of Energy Technology, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN3 Power Electronic Systems, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN4 School of Electronic, Communication and Electrical Engineering5 Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN6 he School of EEE, Energy Research Institute@ NTU, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798
DC microgrids are becoming popular in low-voltage distribution systems due to the better compatibility with photovoltaic panels, electric vehicles, and dc loads. This paper presents a practical dc microgrid developed in the Water and Energy Research Laboratory (WERL) in the Nanyang University of Technology, Singapore. The coordination control among multiple dc sources and energy storages is implemented using a novel hierarchical control technique. The bus voltage essentially acts as an indicator of supply-demand balance. A wireless control is implemented for the reliable operation of the grid. A reasonable compromise between the maximum power harvest and effective battery management is further enhanced using the coordination control based on a central energy management system. The feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed control strategies have been tested by a dc microgrid in WERL.
Ieee Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2014, Vol 61, Issue 8, p. 4032-4042
Battery energy storage; dc microgrid; hierarchical control; photovoltaic (PV) system; voltage regulation